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常用的提高英语翻译技巧介绍

  学习英语最难的就是坚持,因为学习过程中会遇到很多困难,如果没有掌握学习方法,学习将很难前进。下面就由上海翻译公司的客服人员给大家说下英语翻译技巧,大家可以作为学习的参考。

  The most difficult thing to learn English is persistence, because there will be many difficulties in the process of learning. If you don't master the learning methods, it will be difficult to advance. Now the customer service staff of Shanghai translation company will tell you English translation skills, which can be used as a reference for learning.

  一、时间状语的翻译

  1、 Translation of adverbials of time

  1、时间状语常常可以直接翻译,一般译到主句前。

  1. Adverbials of time can often be translated directly, usually before the main sentence.

  2、有的时间状语从句引导词除了表示时间以外,还会附带条件性,所以在翻译的时候要译出条件关系。

  2. Some time adverbial clause leading words not only express time, but also attach conditionality, so we need to translate conditionality.

  二、原因状语的翻译

  2、 Translation of causative adverbials

  1、英语中的状语位置较为灵活,既可以放在主句前也可置于主句后,而中文表达常常遵循"前因后果"的顺序,所以在翻译的时候也要注意调整语序。

  1. The adverbial position in English is more flexible, which can be placed before or after the main sentence, while Chinese expression often follows the order of "cause and effect", so we should also pay attention to adjusting the word order in translation.

  2、但上述情况也不是绝对的,原因状语也可放在主句后,这样也对应了汉语中的结构"之所以…是因为"。

  2. But the above situation is not absolute. The reason adverbial can also be placed after the subject sentence, which also corresponds to the structure in Chinese: "why Because ".

  三、目的状语的翻译

  3、 Translation of objective adverbials

  1、总的来说,目的状语放在主句前翻译,把说明情况的主句放在后面。

  1. Generally speaking, the target adverbial is translated before the main sentence, and the main sentence explaining the situation is put after.

  2、目的状语也可译在主句后边,表示以免、以防、使得、生怕等等。

  2. Objective adverbials can also be translated at the end of the main sentence to indicate avoidance, avoidance, causation, fear and so on.

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